3. General Rules
3.1 Wind Conditions and Indicators
3.1.1 The maximum allowable wind speed as measured by an anemometer is seven (7) m/s in any direction on the competition course, except for Zone Accuracy where it is five (5) m/s.
220.127.116.11 The maximum allowable wind speed for all advanced-class events shall be five (5) m/s.
18.104.22.168 At every landing area, the speed and direction of the wind must be indicated by an anemometric system which must function without interruption. The minimum height of the anemometer head is six (6) meters above ground level; the Chief Judge will decide its location after giving consideration of possible environmental influences. This decision is not grounds for protest.
3.1.2 The anemometer shall be checked at 10-minute intervals. During the Speed and Distance events, if the winds exceed five (5) m/s, it shall be monitored constantly until the winds have remained below five (5) m/s for at least five (5) minutes. In Zone Accuracy, if the winds exceed three (3) m/s, it shall be monitored constantly until the winds have remained below three (3) m/s for at least five (5) minutes.
3.1.3 A windsock capable of responding to winds of at least two (2) m/s shall be positioned within 50 meters of the course.
3.1.4 A wind direction indicator (streamer) capable of responding to winds of less than two (2) m/s shall be mounted on a pole within 20 meters of G1.
3.1.5 The Chief Judge will decide the positions of the wind indicating devices, ensuring that both are fully visible for competitors approaching the course. This decision is not subject to protest.
3.2 Minimum Exit Altitude on One Pass
3.2.1 1200 meters AGL with 1 or 2 competitors
3.2.2 1500 meters AGL with 3 or 4 competitors
3.2.3 1750 meters AGL with 5 or 6 competitors
3.3 Equipment and Weights
3.3.1 All competitors must wear a hard-shell protective head cover.
3.3.2 Protective equipment may be worn and is strongly recommended. It must not hinder the competitor’s parachute equipment or compromise safety, as determined by the Meet Director.
3.3.3 DWIPE: At the time of the weighing carried out by the Meet Director, or a person designated by the Meet Director, DWIPE is calculated and recorded. DWIPE is the basis to define the maximum amount of additional individual weight allowed in accordance with the list in Addendum F.
3.3.4 A deviation of one kilogram on DWIPE measured in §3.3.3 is allowed to cover discrepancies between different scales used or the event of a competitor being wet if weighed after the jump.
3.3.5 All additional weight components must have a single-handle quick-release system. The release handle must be located on the front part of the competitor’s torso, be freely accessible and be made in such a way as to allow it to be quickly operated by a rescue person in case of an emergency. It must not come loose by itself and must be acceptable to the Meet Director.
3.3.6 A scale capable of indicating the weight in increments of 1/10 of a kilogram must be provided. A second identical scale must be available at the request of the Meet Director, depending on the competition set-up (e.g., if the boarding area is far from the course).
3.3.7 The Chief Judge will determine random-competitor-weight-check selection prior to and during the competition.
3.4 Official Practice Period
3.4.1 The official practice period (OPP) is the period of two days before the official date of the start of the competition.
3.4.2 The organizer must provide the opportunity for practice jumps for the competitors on all event courses during the OPP. The
schedule and details of the different event courses must be agreed by the Chief Judge and the Meet Director and be announced
at the beginning of each day so that competitors and judges may take advantage of the training period.
3.4.3 During the OPP all competitors must make at least one training jump on the course. It is the responsibility of the competitor to
comply with this rule in order to compete. This rule may be waived by mutual agreement of the Meet Director, the Chief Judge,
and the Jury President.
3.4.4 During the Official Practice Period and before the start of competition, an official course closing drill must be conducted by the
Chief Judge. This must be a full practice, and is mandatory for all judges and officials, including the simulated use of smoke, the emergency
medical personnel, and a simulated call to the ambulance. The Meet Director must approve of the system that was practiced and
report the results to the Jury prior to the start of the competition.
3.5 Jump Order and Exit Assignment
3.5.1 The overall results of the most recent USPA National Championships (including guest competitors) will determine the jump order for the first round. Those competitors will be grouped in reverse order of standing and will jump in reverse order of standing and will jump after those competitors described in §3.5.2.
3.5.2 Competitors who did not compete in the most recent USPA National Championships will be positioned by draw and will jump at the beginning of the round.
3.5.3 A person designated by the Chief Judge will supervise and record the exit order assignment as determined by the competitors within each pass.
3.5.4 The competitors involved will receive a minimum result if the Event Judge or Chief Judge is not notified of any change to the exit order assignment before the 15-minute call prior to boarding.
3.5.5 The order of exit passes will be rotated by 20%, rounded down, with the start of a new round on a later date. The Chief Judge may also use the same procedure to rotate the order between events.
3.5.6 The Chief Judge may make an updated overall reverse order of standing for any round. If time permits, the Meet Director may change jump order to reflect the new overall reverse order of standing.
3.5.7 By mutual agreement of the Meet Director and Chief Judge, one event may begin prior to the completion of another event. The prior event may be completed later in the competition. No event holds a higher priority over any other event.
3.5.8 Where there is the option of a dual-entry setup into the course—one that permits navigating the course in more than one direction—the option can be selected for a complete round only. The course configuration must remain as described in the bid.
3.6 Safety Violations
3.6.1 Competitors shall exit the course immediately after landing. A yellow card may be issued for failing to comply with this rule and consequently creating a hazard for another competitor, unless the Chief Judge or Event Judge determines the circumstances were beyond the competitor’s control.
3.6.2 A Chief Judge may issue a yellow card to a competitor for a safety violation. They will be issued in general for unsafe actions, lack of sufficient canopy control, or erratic canopy handling.
3.6.3 A second yellow card is the equivalent of the issuance of a red card.
3.6.4 The Chief Judge or the Meet Director may issue a red card without a prior yellow card for any action that presents immediate danger and
safety hazard to the competitor or others on the ground. Examples of this include, but are not limited to low approaches over
the crowd or flying the canopy in an uncontrolled manner into any person or objects inside or outside of the course.
3.6.5 The issuance of a red card will result in the disqualification of the competitor from the competition, including the deletion of any results already achieved during the competition. The competitor will be marked as “disqualified” and listed in the ranking list after all competitors with regular results.
3.7 Safety Issues
3.7.1 The Chief Judge or the Meet Director may suspend a competition at any time if wind or weather conditions are deemed to pose a safety hazard to the competitors—even if the conditions are within the wind limits. The Meet Director must then notify the pilot to suspend dropping competitors.
3.7.2 The aircraft pilot will signal the competitors when they are clear to exit. All the competitors will be briefed on the specific exit and spotting signals at the pre-event competitors’ meeting.
3.7.3 The Meet Director will relay to the competitors via the pilot any exit order or exit altitude changes or that the dropping of competitors must be suspended. The Chief Judge and Event Judge must be notified of this change.
3.7.4 Competitors must enter the course in order of exit. There must be sufficient exit delay between competitors to ensure safe separation and allow time for any judging and course maintenance. However, if it is not possible to enter the course in order of exit due to circumstances beyond the control of the competitor, they may enter the course (provided there is no conflict with other competitors) and receive the assessed score as determined by the Event Judge or Chief Judge. Otherwise, §3.5.4 will be applied.
3.7.5 During all events, a person appointed by the Chief Judge shall be equipped with an audible warning device in order to make competition personnel aware of approaching competitors by the following signals:
22.214.171.124 Three (3) short signals indicating the exit of competitors out of the aircraft
126.96.36.199 One (1) long signal, when each competitor initiates the turn into the final approach. At this time, competition personnel must clear the course and take positions alongside the course.
3.7.6 A certified medically trained person must be available and on the course during all scheduled competition jumps, including the official practice days.
188.8.131.52 Medical equipment must be available to this certified medically trained person, to include a medical backboard, cervical collar and a telephone capable of dialing 911.
3.8 Equipment Control Problem
3.8.1 A competitor experiencing a control problem or malfunction requiring the use of the reserve canopy must not navigate the course and must utilize an alternate landing area if safe to do so.
3.8.2 A competitor experiencing a malfunction of the main parachute canopy that creates a control problem without requiring a canopy release shall not land on the course.
3.8.3 The Chief Judge shall appoint a qualified person to make an inspection of the equipment immediately after the competitor has landed to confirm that the competitor did suffer a malfunction that was not created by the competitor himself (e.g., packing error). The competitor must not disturb the canopy condition or equipment prior to inspection.
3.9 Rejumps Due To Equipment Problems
3.9.1 A competitor will be granted only one rejump during the competition for equipment related factors, otherwise the actual score of the affected jump will be applied.
3.10 Rejumps Due To Weather Conditions
3.10.1 If the wind exceeds the maximum limit at any time in the period after the competitor initiates the turn to final approach and ends with the landing of the competitor, the following applies:
184.108.40.206 In Distance and in Speed, no score will be awarded and the competitor shall make a rejump for this round.
220.127.116.11 In Zone Accuracy, the competitor may accept the achieved score within 10 seconds after receiving this information; otherwise a rejump for this round shall be made.
18.104.22.168 If winds exceed five (5) m/s in Speed and Distance or three (3) m/s in Zone Accuracy and change direction more than 90 degrees within two (2) seconds (as measured and recorded automatically by an electronic device), a competitor landing within 30 seconds after the wind change must be offered a rejump by the Event Judge or Chief Judge. The competitor’s decision for the rejump must be made within 10 seconds of being advised of this option; otherwise the score is automatically accepted and recorded.
22.214.171.124 A competitor will be offered a rejump if the competitor experiences adverse weather conditions as determined by the Chief Judge or Event Judge. The competitor’s decision for the rejump must be made within 10 seconds of being advised of this option; otherwise the score is automatically accepted and recorded.
3.11 Rejumps Due To Outside Interference
3.11.1 A competitor who suffers interference—on the ground or in the air from other competitors, jumpers, or temporary objects—will be offered a rejump by a decision of the Chief Judge or Event Judge.
3.11.2 At the sole discretion of the Chief Judge or Event Judge, any other competitor suffering interference as a result of a competitor not clearing the course will be offered a rejump.
3.11.3 At the sole discretion of the Chief Judge or Event Judge, if two or more competitors approach and/or enter the course close together and in the process create interference between each other, a rejump may be offered to one, both or neither competitors.
3.12 Rejumps Due To Technical Factors
3.12.1 If the electronic timing and scoring system in the Speed event malfunctions and is unable to produce a score, making the performance unjudgeable (UJ), a rejump will be awarded to competitors affected.
3.12.2 If a course marker or any technical scoring equipment has been rendered non-functional and cannot be repaired before the next competitor navigates the course, the next competitor(s) will be awarded a rejump only if the damaged course marker or technical scoring equipment adversely affects the scoring process or makes it unjudgeable (UJ) for a competitor as determined by the Chief Judge or Event Judge.
3.12.3 In the event of a closed course, competitors are not allowed to enter or navigate the course.
3.12.4 If it is not safe to stay outside of the course and/or an alternative landing area is not available, the competitor may make a normal, non-aggressive landing on the course.
3.12.5 A competitor complying with the above will be granted a rejump as decided by the Event Judge or Chief Judge, otherwise the minimum result for that round will be applied.
3.13 Rejump Procedures
3.13.1 Each competitor who is granted a rejump must receive a Rejump Form from the Event Judge or Chief Judge to be handed in to the Meet Director or competition manifest.
3.13.2 The competitor must make the rejump at the earliest opportunity as determined by the Meet Director, who will inform the Chief Judge—before the 15-minute-call prior to boarding the aircraft—on which load and in which exit order the rejump will be performed; otherwise §3.5.4 will be applied.