Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Chapter 9

Chapter 10

Chapter 11

Chapter 12

Chapter 13

Chapter 14

Chapter 15



Chapter 13

1. Rules Specific to the Competition copy link

1.1 Aims of the Competition

1.1.1 To determine the champions of canopy piloting - freestyle.

1.1.2 To promote safety and develop canopy piloting - freestyle training and competition.

1.1.3 To exchange ideas and strengthen friendly relations between USPA members, judges, support personnel and guest participants from other nations. To allow participants to share and exchange experience, knowledge, and information.

1.1.4 To improve judging methods and practices.

1.2 Program of Events

1.2.1 The competition shall be comprised of three (3) rounds.

1.2.2 The minimum number of rounds required for a valid event is one (1).

2. Event Descriptions and Objectives copy link

2.1 Standard Competition Format Events

2.1.1 In the Freestyle event, the competitor navigates his parachute through the performance area executing predetermined or free moves. The competitor's objective is to navigate a parachute through performance area contacting the surface of the water in the manner dictated by the chosen Freestyle move(s) and end with a stand-up landing.

3. General Rules copy link

3.1 Wind Conditions and Indicators

3.1.1 The maximum allowable wind speed as measured by an anemometer is seven (7) m/s in any direction on the competition performance area. The maximum allowable wind speed for the advanced-class event shall be five (5) m/s. The speed of the wind must be indicated by an anemometric system which must function without interruption. The minimum height of the anemometer head is six (6) meters above ground level; the Chief Judge will decide its location after giving consideration of possible environmental influences. This decision is not grounds for protest.

3.1.2 The anemometer shall be checked at 10-minute intervals. If the winds exceed five (5) m/s, it shall be monitored constantly until the winds have remained below five (5) m/s for at least five (5) minutes.

3.1.3 A windsock capable of responding to winds of at least two (2) m/s shall be positioned within 50 meters of the performance area.

3.1.4 A wind direction indicator (streamer) capable of responding to winds of less than two (2) m/s shall be mounted on a pole within 20 meters of the bank of the pond.

3.1.5 The Chief Judge will decide the positions of the wind indicating devices, ensuring that both are fully visible for competitors approaching the performance area. This decision is not subject to protest.

3.2 Minimum Exit Altitude on One Pass

3.2.1 1200 meters AGL with 1 or 2 competitors

3.2.2 1500 meters AGL with 3 or 4 competitors

3.2.3 1750 meters AGL with 5 or 6 competitors

3.3 Equipment and Weights

3.3.1 All competitors must wear a hard-shell protective head cover.

3.3.2 Protective equipment may be worn and is strongly recommended. It must not hinder the competitor’s parachute equipment or compromise safety, as determined by the Meet Director.

3.3.3 DWIPE: At the time of the weighing carried out by the Meet Director, or a person designated by the Meet Director, DWIPE is calculated and recorded. DWIPE is the basis to define the maximum amount of additional individual weight allowed in accordance with the list in Addendum D.

3.3.4 A deviation of one kilogram on DWIPE measured in §3.3.3 is allowed to cover discrepancies between different scales used or the event of a competitor being wet if weighed after the jump.

3.3.5 All additional weight components must have a single-handle quick-release system. The release handle must be located on the front part of the competitor's torso, be freely accessible and be made in such a way as to allow it to be quickly operated by a rescue person in case of an emergency. It must not come loose by itself and must be acceptable to the Meet Director.

3.3.6 A scale capable of indicating the weight in increments of 1/10 of a kilogram must be provided. A second identical scale must be available at the request of the Meet Director, depending on the competition set up (e.g., if the boarding area is far from the performance area).

3.3.7 The Chief Judge will determine random-competitor-weight-check selection prior to and during the competition.

3.4 Official Practice Period

3.4.1 The official practice period (OPP) is the period of two (2) days before the official date of the start of the competition. In the event that Canopy Piloting is held immediately prior to Canopy Piloting – Freestyle the CP-F OPP may be held during the CP OPP. This decision must be agreed upon by the Meet Director and USPA Controller.

3.4.2 The organizer must provide the opportunity for practice jumps for the competitors during the OPP. The schedule and details must be agreed upon by the Chief Judge and the Meet Director and be announced at the beginning of each day so that competitors and judges may take advantage of the training period.

3.4.3 During the OPP all competitors must make at least one training jump on the performance area. It is the responsibility of the competitor to comply with this rule in order to compete. This rule may be waived by mutual agreement of the Meet Director, the Chief Judge, and the Jury President.

3.4.4 During the Official Practice Period and before the start of competition, an official performance area closing drill must be conducted by the Chief Judge. This must be a full practice, and is mandatory for all judges and officials, including the simulated use of smoke, the emergency medical personnel, and a simulated call to the ambulance. The Meet Director must approve of the system that was practiced and report the results to the Jury prior to the start of the competition.

3.5 Jump Order and Exit Assignment

3.5.1 The overall results of the most recent USPA National Championships (including guest competitors) will determine the jump order for the first round. Those competitors will be grouped in reverse order of standing and will jump in reverse order of standing and will jump after those competitors described in §3.5.2.

3.5.2 Competitors who did not compete in the most recent USPA National Championships will be positioned by draw and will jump at the beginning of the round.

3.5.3 A person designated by the Chief Judge will supervise and record the exit order assignment as determined by the competitors within each pass.

3.5.4 The competitors involved will receive a minimum result if the Event Judge or Chief Judge is not notified of any change to the exit order assignment before the 15-minute call prior to boarding.

3.5.5 The order of exit passes will be rotated by 20%, rounded down, with the start of a new round on a later date.

3.5.6 The Chief Judge may make an updated overall reverse order of standing for any round. If time permits, the Meet Director may change jump order to reflect the new overall reverse order of standing.

3.6 Safety Violations

3.6.1 Competitors shall exit the performance area immediately after landing. A yellow card may be issued for failing to comply with this rule and consequently creating a hazard for another competitor, unless the Chief Judge or Event Judge determines the circumstances were beyond the competitor's control.

3.6.2 All judges shall watch for unsafe canopy flight by competitors. If a judge witnesses what they feel was an unsafe act, they shall inform the chief judge so a yellow card or red card may be issued, if so decided.

3.6.3 A Chief Judge may issue a yellow card to a competitor for a safety violation. They will be issued in general for unsafe actions, lack of sufficient canopy control, or erratic canopy handling.

3.6.4 A second yellow card is the equivalent of the issuance of a red card.

3.6.5 The Chief Judge or the USPA Controller may issue a red card without a prior yellow card for any action that presents immediate danger and safety hazard to the competitor or others on the ground. Examples of this include but are not limited to low approaches over the crowd or flying the canopy in an uncontrolled manner into any person or objects inside or outside of the performance area.

3.6.6 The issuance of a red card will result in the disqualification of the competitor from the competition, including the deletion of any results already achieved during the competition. The competitor will be marked as "disqualified" and listed in the ranking list after all competitors with regular results.

3.7 Safety Issues

3.7.1 The Chief or the Meet Director may suspend a competition at any time if wind or weather conditions are deemed to pose a safety hazard to the competitors—even if the conditions are within the wind limits. The Meet Director must then notify the pilot to suspend dropping competitors.

3.7.2 The aircraft pilot will signal the competitors when they are clear to exit. All the competitors will be briefed on the specific exit and spotting signals at the pre-event competitors' meeting.

3.7.3 The Meet Director will relay to the competitors via the pilot any exit order or exit altitude changes or that the dropping of competitors must be suspended. The Chief Judge and Event Judge must be notified of this change.

3.7.4 Competitors must enter the performance area in order of exit. There must be sufficient exit delay between competitors to ensure safe separation and allow time for any judging and performance area maintenance. However, if it is not possible to enter the performance area in order of exit due to circumstances beyond the control of the competitor, they may enter the performance area (provided there is no conflict with other competitors) and receive the assessed score as determined by the Event Judge or Chief Judge. Otherwise, §3.5.4 will be applied.

3.7.5 During the competition, a person appointed by the Chief Judge shall be equipped with an audible warning device in order to make competition personnel aware of approaching competitors by the following signals: Three (3) short signals indicating the exit of competitors out of the aircraft One (1) long signal, when each competitor initiates the turn into the final approach. At this time, competition personnel must clear the performance area and take positions alongside the performance area.

3.7.6 A certified medically trained person must be available and on the performance area during all scheduled competition jumps, including the official practice days. Medical equipment must be available to this certified medically trained person, to include a medical backboard, cervical collar and a telephone capable of dialing 911.

3.8 Equipment Control Problem

3.8.1 A competitor experiencing a control problem or malfunction requiring the use of the reserve canopy must not navigate the performance area and must utilize an alternate landing area if safe to do so.

3.8.2 A competitor experiencing a malfunction of the main parachute canopy that creates a control problem without requiring a canopy release shall not land on the performance area.

3.8.3 The Chief Judge shall appoint a qualified person to make an inspection of the equipment immediately after the competitor has landed to confirm that the competitor did suffer a malfunction that was not created by the competitor himself (e.g., packing error). The competitor must not disturb the canopy condition or equipment prior to inspection.

3.9 Rejumps Due to Equipment Problems

3.9.1 A competitor will be granted only one rejump during the competition for equipment related factors, otherwise the actual score of the affected jump will be applied.

3.10 Rejumps Due to Weather Conditions

3.10.1 If the wind exceeds the maximum limit at any time in the period after the competitor initiates the turn to final approach and ends with the landing of the competitor, the competitor may accept the achieved score within 10 seconds after receiving this information; otherwise a rejump for this round shall be made. A competitor will be offered a rejump if the competitor experiences adverse weather conditions as determined by the Chief Judge or Event Judge. The competitor’s decision for the rejump must be made within 10 seconds of being advised of this option; otherwise the score is automatically accepted and recorded.

3.11 Rejumps Due to Outside Interference

3.11.1 A competitor who suffers interference—on the ground or in the air from other competitors, jumpers, or temporary objects—will be offered a rejump by a decision of the Chief Judge or Event Judge.

3.11.2 At the sole discretion of the Chief Judge or Event Judge, any other competitor suffering interference as a result of a competitor not clearing the performance area will be offered a rejump.

3.11.3 At the sole discretion of the Chief Judge or Event Judge, if two or more competitors approach and/or enter the performance area close together and in the process create interference between each other, a rejump may be offered to one, both or neither competitors.

3.12 Rejumps Due to Technical Factors

3.12.1 In the event of a closed performance area, competitors are not allowed to enter or navigate the performance area.

3.12.2 If it is not safe to stay outside of the performance area and/or an alternative landing area is not available, the competitor may make a normal, non-aggressive landing on the performance area.

3.12.3 A competitor complying with the above will be granted a rejump as decided by the Event Judge or Chief Judge, otherwise the minimum result for that round will be applied.

3.13 Rejump Procedures

3.13.1 Each competitor who is granted a rejump must receive a Rejump Form from the Event Judge or Chief Judge to be handed in to the Meet Director or competition manifest.

3.13.2 The competitor must make the rejump at the earliest opportunity as determined by the Meet Director, who will inform the Chief Judge—before the 15-minute-call prior to boarding the aircraft—on which load and in which exit order the rejump will be performed; otherwise §3.5.4 will be applied.

4. Scoring copy link

4.1 Open Class

4.1.1 The first round. A single move must be presented. It must be a move described in the Addendum B (DoD: Group: 1- 4).

4.1.2 The second round. A single move or a combination of moves may be presented. It must be any move(s) described in the Addendum B.

4.1.3 The third round. A single move or a combination of moves may be presented. It may be any move described in the Addendum B or any move sufficiently described in the drama sheet.

4.1.4 All moves have to be pre-declared on the drama sheet and presented to the Chief Judge at least 48 hours before the planned start of the competition so that the judges may assign the DoD of the combination of moves and announce it to the competitors. Competitors may pre-declare two sets of moves or combination of moves per round (A and B) and must announce to the Chief Judge which one (A or B) they will be performing before the start of the relevant round, otherwise A will be considered.

4.1.5 Each jump must feature a unique move or combination of moves. No identical jumps may be presented.

4.2 Advanced Class

4.2.1 The first round. A single move must be presented. It must be a move described in the Addendum B (DoD: Group: 1- 3).

4.2.2 The first round. A single move must be presented. It must be a move described in the Addendum B (DoD: Group: 1- 4).

4.2.3 The third round. A single move or a combination of two (2) moves may be presented. Each move must be a move described in the Addendum Freestyle B (DoD: Group: 1 - 4) and each move must be executed independently, not simultaneously.

4.2.4 All moves have to be pre-declared on the drama sheet and presented to the Chief Judge at least 48 hours before the planned start of the competition so that the judges may assign the DoD of the combination of moves and announce it to the competitors. Competitors may pre-declare two sets of moves or combination of moves per round (A and B) and must announce to the Chief Judge which one (A or B) they will be performing before the start of the relevant round, otherwise A will be considered. (Note: Advanced-class competitors are permitted to duplicate their jumps.)

4.3 Scoring Structure

4.3.1 A panel of 5 judges evaluate all jumps. Every Judge scores the performance in the given subject from 0.0 to 10.0 using one (1) decimal place.

4.3.2 Three (3) judges will score the PRESENTATION of the approach, the Freestyle move and the landing.

4.3.3 Two (2) judges will score the TECHNICAL aspect of the Freestyle move. The technical aspect contains the degree of difficulty of the move, and the landing.

4.4 Calculation of Points

4.4.1 The calculation to turn scores of each round into points (result) is as follows:

4.4.2 The score of a round is the average score of the 2 judges scoring Technical (averaged, (T1+T2)/2 = T) multiplied by the average score of the 3 judges scoring Presentation (averaged (P1+P2+P3)/3 = P), minus any penalties incurred. All calculations are calculated to the third decimal. No rounding applied.

4.4.3 The competitors are ranked in each round in order of the actual score collated for this round (highest score first).

4.4.4 The score of the top ranked competitor in each round is set to 100%, expressed as 100 points. The remaining competitors' scores of the round are calculated as a percentage of the top ranked competitor's result—expressed in points, calculated to the third decimal. No rounding applied.

4.4.5 Contact with water, with no other performance will yield a default result (DR).

4.4.6 Failure to perform any one of the predeclared moves, or performing them in a different sequence, from the drama sheet will yield a DR.

4.5 Minimum result (MR)

4.5.1 A minimum result applies for a round in the following situations: Failure to wear a protective helmet while navigating the competition performance area. Failure to notify a change in the jump order, thereby creating interference, as determined by the Chief Judge or Event Judge (see §3.5.4). Exceeding the total weight allowed as per Addendum A.

5. Judging copy link

5.1 Conference and Composition

5.1.1 The chief judge will organize a judges' conference prior to the start of the competition. All judges shall attend the conference.

5.1.2 All judges must be USPA National or International Canopy Piloting Judges.

5.1.3 Judges-in-training may be used in addition to the judges provided they are under the direct supervision of the Chief Judge or chief of judge training and have attended the judge's conference.

5.1.4 Practice jumps during the OPP will be judged at the discretion of the Chief Judge.

5.1.5 Judges will be strategically positioned at the performance area as determined by the Chief Judge or Event Judge.

5.2 Point Guidelines for Presentation

5.2.1 Presentation contains the creativity of new moves, combination, and transition between moves. It also contains the presentation of the performance (i.e., body language, body tension, expression etc.) and landing.

  • 10 points – Performance is flawless with no noticeable mistakes
  • 8 points – Performance with some small mistakes
  • 6 points – Performance with several medium mistakes
  • 3 points – Performance with one or several major mistakes
  • 0 points – No performance at all or not identifiable

5.3 Mistake Examples

5.3.1 Small mistake examples

  • slight loss of direction control, slight wobble, etc.
  • toes not pointed; knees bent

5.3.2 Medium mistake examples

  • significant loss of direction control, wobble, not enough rotation, etc.
  • required elements performed incorrect, turning the wrong direction, etc.

5.3.3 Major mistake examples

  • completely missing required elements or performed so poorly that move is barely recognizable

5.4 Technical Score

The Technical score includes the difficulty of transitions, rotations and change in direction. It also contains the precision and control of the body and canopy, during the performance of the move and the landing.

The following judging criteria applies to the technical score:

5.4.1 The Degree of Difficulty (DoD) presents the base for the technical score.

5.4.2 A combination of moves will be judged according the DoDs of the individual moves and the difficulty of the combination. For a combination of moves the judge will decide how difficult the combination is. The lower border will be the most difficult move DoD. The upper border should be the addition of every move DoD in the combination up to a maximum of ten (10).

5.4.3 The actual technical execution (precision of approach, heading-control, body-control, execution, etc.) will finally influence the technical score. The technical score (derived from the calculated DoD) may be adjusted by +/- 1 depending on the performance.

5.4.4 The landing should finish in a stand-up landing.

5.4.5 A water landing (WL) shall result in a DR.

5.5 Use of Video Cameras

5.5.1 There shall be a video camera covering the performance of the competitor over the water and for landing (panning camera). Camera must be capable of reduced speed playback and must be able to record numbers and names.

5.5.2 Additional video cameras may be used as an assisting tool for judging and/or performance area surveillance as determined by the Chief Judge. If the Chief Judge decides that the video setup at the performance area allows for video judging of all or parts of the performance area, the minimum evaluation principles (§4.4.1) apply for video judging.

6. Determination of Champions copy link

6.1 Champions

6.1.1 The Champion is the competitor with the highest total number of points (maximum of 300 points) after the completed rounds.

6.2 Tie-Breaks

6.2.1 If two or more competitors have the same cumulative total number of points in the first 3 places of the event, the higher placing in the completed rounds in the event will have the higher standing (i.e. two first place ranks and a third-place rank beat one first-place rank and two second-place ranks). If there is still a tie, the single best Freestyle score in a completed round, will have the higher standing

6.3 Medals Awarded

6.3.1 Medals will be awarded for both Open and Advanced classes.

6.3.2 Champion: 1st Place, 2nd Place, 3rd Place

Addendum A: General Performance Area Specifications copy link

1.1.1 For the Freestyle event, all markers will be removed from the pond.

1.1.2. Landing zone(s) will be declared for the landing part of the Freestyle jump. They must be suitable for landing and provide enough safety area as determined by the Chief Judge (multiple landings zones, at different side s of the water section) may be declared.

1.1.3 Performance Area: The body of water over which competitors execute their freestyle moves. This shall include the landing zone(s).

Addendum B: Freestyle Moves Summary copy link

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Addendum C: Description of Freestyle Moves copy link

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Addendum D: List for Dressed Weight (DWIPE) and Additional Individual Weight (AIW)copy link

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Addendum E: Rejump Form copy link

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Addendum F: Competitor Drama Sheet copy link

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